The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) has prepared this draft Environmental Assessment (dEA) to analyze potential effects to physical, biological, social, and cultural resources that may result from establishing a captive breeding pilot program for the endangered Mount (Mt.) Graham red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis) (red squirrel or squirrel). The proposal stems from a FWS Federal action: removal of up to 16 Mt. Graham red squirrels from the wild to establish a captive breeding pilot program. The dEA was prepared in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), Council on Environmental Quality regulations (40 CFR 1500-1508), and FWS NEPA Reference Handbook (January 1997).